Sustainability

Preservation of biodiversity GRI 304-1

KPO is committed to carry out its production activities with minimal impact on biodiversity and ecosystems. At the same time, the company has taken over the responsibility for conducting the biodiversity research in the territory of its activities.

The Karachaganak Oil and Gas Condensate Field (KOGCF) is situated in the dry steppe zone in the North-West of Kazakhstan with an area in excess of 280 km2. The area of KPO operations is limited, since the official land use right has been granted for the areas located right under the field industrial facilities, pipelines and roads. The areas around KPO facilities are in the ownership and stewardship of number of other stakeholders.

According to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Protection, Reproduction and Restoration of Wildlife (Article 17), the Company complies with its obligations to preserve animal migration routes.

Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) is one of the measures aimed at preventing ecosystem disturbance and biodiversity reduction. This plan is based on the assessment of the risks of activities and potential environmental impact and developed in accordance with the methodology stipulated in Standard 1.3.1.47 ESHIA and the Guide to developing biodiversity action plans for the oil and gas sector published by IPIECA / IOGP.

According to the KPO-AL-SEC-PRO-00001-R "Area of Increased Control at the KOGCF" procedure, all types of hunting and fishing are prohibited on the KOGCF territory.

The KOGCF main ecosystems

The main ecosystems of the KOGCF can be divided into three very broad categories: agricultural ecosystems, steppe ecosystems, aquatic and riverine ecosystems, with the remainder of the field area being occupied by anthropogenically transformed areas (roads, facilities and infrastructure).

Agricultural Ecosystem

Agricultural and fallow lands are the dominant type of ecosystems at KOGCF and adjacent areas. This includes fields that are intensively cultivated for crops, and fallow fields.

 

Fallow lands are characterized by different stages of natural vegetation cover restoration, ranging from weed to wormwood and steppe communities. The forecast restoration period of natural steppe vegetation lasts about 25-30 years. 

Steppe Ecosystem

Steppes are one of two major ecosystems (steppe and riverine) characterizing the natural state of the KOGCF territory.

 

At present, the distribution of steppe ecosystems is patchy occurring mostly along river valleys and gullies, i.e. areas remained unploughed.

 

The plant communities are floristically rich and home to a wide range of animals. There is a significant diversity of ornithofauna, both permanently and temporarily inhabiting steppe ecosystems.

 

Because of the international declines in steppe ecosystems, even the small amounts found at the KOGCF are of importance for nature conservation.

Aquatic and Riverine ecosystems

The KOGCF is located in the small catchment basin of the River Berezovka, which lies between the Ilek and Utva rivers.

The Konchubai Gully is also fed by two main tributaries, the larger of which is the Kalminovka Gully.

 

Riverine ecosystems is a home to a wide range of rare and common species of plant and animals.

Essential species recorded within the Karachaganak Field <sup>GRI 304-4</sup>

The KOGCF area is a home to a big variety of plant and animal species, amongst there are species red-listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), by Kazakhstan, and species rare at the KOGCF. It is important for KPO to consider the presence of these species when planning or undertaking operations in the area but it is not appropriate to consider their presence or numbers as indicators of the Company’s environmental performance. This is because the species population is subject to changes that may occur due to forces operating at global or landscape scales and are not related directly to KPO operations. Any fluctuations in the abundance of these species would need to be seen in a wider context of trends in a species population. In its turn, KPO strives to undertake its operations in such a way as not to cause direct or indirect impacts on individual species populations. In the process of monitoring the flora and fauna at the Karachaganak field being conducted since 2011, no any negative effect on the flora and fauna species’ habitats from the KPO’s production activities has been observed.

The main significant species of great importance for the ecosystem, recorded in the KOGCF during the studies of 1990-2020 are shown in the table below. All these species are also found outside of the Karachaganak Field

#

Species

IUCN Category

Kazakhstan Red Data Book

Locally rare species in the KOGCF

Years recorded

Flowering plants

1

Carnation andrzejowskianus (Dianthus andrzejowski)

-

KRDB II

2008, (2010), 2015, 2016, 2019

2

Woodland tulip (Tulipa biebersteiniana)

-

KRDB III

2007, 2008, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2019

3

Eastern pasqueflower (Pulsatilla patens)

-

KRDB II

2010, 2015, 2016

4

Fritillary (Fritillaria ruthenica)

-

KRDB II

2010, 2013, 2015, 2016

5

Schrenck’s tulip (Tulipa shrenkii)

-

KRDB III

2008, (2010), 2015, 2016, 2019

6

Hairy adonis (Adonis villosa)

-

KRDB II

2016

7

Spring adonis (Adonis vernalis)

-

KRDB II

2016, 2019

8

Fischer’s star of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum fischerianum)

-

KRDB III

2013, 2016, 2019

9

Snake’s head fritillary (Fritillaria meleagris)

-

-

2016

Birds

10

Demoiselle crane (Anthropoides virgo)

LC

KRDB V

1990, 1991, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2018

11

The Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)

LC

KRDB II

-

1991

12

Imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca)

V

KRDB III

2002, 2003, 2010

13

European roller (Coracias garrulous)

LC

-

2001, 2010

14

Lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni)

LC

-

2004

15

Little bustard (Tetrax tetrax)

Endangered

KRDB II

1990-1991, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010, 2015, 2018

16

Mute swan (Cygnus olor)

LC

-

2003, 2004, 2008, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2018

17

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

LC

KRDB I

-

1990

18

Pale harrier (Circus macrourus)

Endangered

-

2002, (2003), 2004, 2005, 2018

19

Pale harrier (Circus macrourus)

Endangered

-

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2018

20

Steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis)

LC

KRDB VI

-

2002, 2008, 2010

21

White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)

LC

KRDB II

2004; 2008; 2010; 2015; 2016; 2018.

Mammals

22

Beaver (Castor fiber)

LC

-

-

2003, 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2018

23

Русская выхухоль (Desman moschata)

V

KRDB II

-

24

Сommon marten (Martes martes)

LC

KRDB III

-

25

European mink (Mustela lutreola)

Endangered

KRDB I

-

Reptiles

26

Orsini’s viper (Vipera ursini renardii)

V

-

2001; 2002; 2003; 2008; 2010; 2016.

Insects

27

Emperor dragonfly (Anax imperator)

V

KRDB II

2010

28

Short-winged bolivaria (mantis)

V

KRDB II

2010, 2020

29

Scoliid wasps (Scolia hirta)

V

KRB II

2020

30

Spice-bush swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius L.)

Endangered

-

2020

The following categories are used in the table:

  • NT: Near Threatened — usually species whose population are declining to the extent that they will soon qualify for a higher IUCH threat category (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) .
  • VU: Vulnerable — these include the species with high risk of extinction in the wild.
  • LC: Least concern — species evaluated against the IUCN criteria that do not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category (species in this group are not included in the count of internationally rare species).
  • KRDB: Kazakhstan Red Data Book — species that are recognized as nationally rare in the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan, Roman numerals indicate the various rarity categories with Category I — the rarest species, and Category V — the least rare.